What is the ABC Method of Time Management   

What is the ABC Method of Time Management   

August 3, 2022

The ABC method of time management is one of the most effective time management methods. Its effectiveness is also reflected in the fact that there is very little work or time involved in the technique. Namely, the method boils down to task prioritization.

ABC method of time management – the basics

Created by Alan Lakein, the technique itself is very straightforward. Moreover, it can be done in just a few minutes a day.  You first recognize both the urgency and importance of a task. Then you categorize into one of the three categories – A, B, or C.

Category A

The letter A is reserved for the highest-priority tasks. In other words, the most urgent activities you need to tend to. The ones you cannot skip or move to a later date.

As you can imagine, these are the tasks you will be focusing on and completing first. Assigning an “A” can be difficult in the beginning. Hence, we suggest starting with the absolute basics and only assigning them to the most urgent and important things on your to-do list. Those are the things you need to do right now. Otherwise, you won’t be able to say you were productive at all.

Assigning an A to the task gives it a sense of emergency and importance. This way, you will be able to feel accomplished daily by finishing those tasks as well.

Category B

This category contains less urgent matters that are still relatively high in priority. The ABC method of time management is useful because of this simplicity. You start with the B tasks once you’ve finished the A tasks. In other words, you will know exactly what your next step should be.

Even though these tasks aren’t essential to your work, they are still important enough. They need to be done for you to be able to continue working.

B tasks can also be as important as an A task but have a longer deadline. That is to say, at some point, some B tasks will go to the A category.

Category C

The final category in this technique contains the tasks that aren’t as important or urgent as the previous two categories. That is to say, they don’t have a deadline (or at least not an urgent one), nor are they essential to your productivity. In other words, you can postpone them for quite a while.

The natural progression of a C-tier task is moving up to the B category. Many tools for productivity improvement provide an opportunity to switch between task priorities. They help you visualize the day in front of you.

How to Use the Method?

This method is great for short-term and long-term goals alike. That is to say, you can plan every day, week, or month using this technique. It is much simpler to determine what you’ll be focusing your attention on if you know both the upcoming tasks and how important they are.

The biggest benefit of the ABC method of time management is that it doesn’t allow you to get lost. You can revise the priorities as you go, but the most important ones will always be at the top of your list. That is to say, you will prevent two things.

  • not knowing your next step after you’re done with your current one
  • feeling like you weren’t as productive as you should have been.

We understand that implementing a new time management technique is easier said than done. So, we’re here to help you get started with some implementation tips.

How to Know Which Tasks Are Important?

Not all tasks are created equal. This means some will take more time and resources than others. It also means they will have to be done in a specific order. These two things can, but don’t necessarily have to be connected.

An important phone call can take as little as a few minutes. On the other hand, organizing an office party can take quite a while. Yet, it is clear which task you should focus on first.

What About the Deadlines?

The difference in priority isn’t always as obvious as in our example. Some tasks can have the same priority. Yet, if one needs to be done by the end of the week, while the other doesn’t have a defined deadline, it is very easy to categorize them. In other words, urgency is equally as valuable as task importance when deciding what to do first.

You can even mark the tasks in the same category with a symbol or a number. This will signify which one to do first.

Plan Constantly

Planning is a crucial part of the ABC method of time management. Time tracking tools are a great way to keep track of your (or your employees’) current plans. Planning should be a part of each work day. This means you will have to track the potential changes to task priority. Then, you can change task categories.

Our work lives are ever-changing. We get new tasks, or our old ones become more or less important. That is to say, our ABC categories will have to adjust to these changes. You can’t get the most out of your plan if the said plan doesn’t follow the changes in your priorities.


It is extremely easy to fall into a rut when an employee’s schedule is recurring. In other words, they may stick to their habits once they’ve established them, even though there may be a better way.

This is why it’s extremely important to revise your ABC plans after some time. See whether there is a way to increase productivity when shuffling things around for a bit. In other words, don’t sacrifice your personal preferences to accommodate any time management method. It is more important to be productive (and not miserable) than to follow any advice blindly.
in other words – make improvements and adjust the system to help you.

Reexamine on the Company Level

This step is geared toward managers and team leaders. You need to make sure your teams are performing well and there are no hiccups related to their workload.

You can help your employees prioritize and keep up with the most important tasks. this will take some time and getting used to, so we recommend using Employee timesheets to make sure everyone is pulling their weight and identify who is struggling.


This may sound counterproductive, but it is better to overestimate the time needed for a specific task. In other words, you will give yourself some leeway if things take an unexpected turn. A longer deadline is a good way to prevent miscommunication or dissatisfaction with your client.

This is especially important when it comes to tasks your team hasn’t faced yet. Learning a new skill takes time, and your clients will always be expecting high-quality work when it comes to their projects.

Don’t overwork

The point of the ABC method isn’t to make you work tirelessly for eight hours. Even if you’ve maximized your efficiency, you still need breaks to work efficiently long-term. That is to say, your plan should also account for breaks and free time.

Some people choose to leave 25% of their planned time free, to be able to tend to a potential emergency. Of course, this isn’t possible for everyone, but you should think about that as well. This is what we mean by overestimation.

To put it differently, employers should make sure the plans for the future period are realistic. This means that they are doable by the team without any augmentations or changes. Overworking and burnout are also factors you should think about.

Learn About Your Distractions

Distractions are a huge issue when it comes to successful time management. It is important to understand that completely removing them isn’t possible. Yet, you can do your best to reduce their impact on your work.

Distractions have a way of making us feel like we don’t have enough time. This, in turn, can make us frustrated with our work. Internet distractions, for example, can take a significant portion of your time. All that while you don’t even notice you’re online.

It is important to bring some mindfulness to your work. planning isn’t enough to keep yourself productive. Learn the causes of your time crunches and try to reduce them as much as possible. a time audit can be a great way to do so.

Stop Multitasking

The point of the ABC method in time management is to prioritize. Multitasking defeats the purpose of all the preparatory work you’ve done. Namely, if you multitask, you will have to switch from one task to another. This requires you to stop focusing on one thing and refocus on something else.

These changes can be detrimental to your productivity and your mind. Especially so if you’re mixing tasks from different categories. Additionally, the quality of your work can decrease. Thinking about two things simultaneously isn’t a great choice if you need to focus either.

Hence, one of your ABC plan’s main functions should be to help you see the most important tasks to their fruition.

To Summarize the Method

The ABC method of time management is a way to arrange your time so you have more control over it. You do this by finishing your most important and urgent tasks first and then choosing the secondary tasks. There is a balance between a strict schedule and freedom to choose that enables you to plan both effectively and with relatively low stress levels.

The Biggest Benefit of the Method

Staying on top of one’s priorities isn’t as easy as it may seem. The mass switch to remote work has showcased the lack of organization and independence in many teams as well. However, with a time management technique like the ABC method, the priorities show themselves immediately.

The technique itself is simple and takes very little time. Even though it requires continuity, the daily examinations are short and to the point. Their purpose is to put all of the work ahead of you into context.

Why Is Context Important?

Every position has a limited number of tasks. There are things that you do and many more things you don’t do in your workdays. These things start to get repetitive relatively quickly. If you cannot prioritize well, you will feel like you’ve been doing menial tasks for days on end.

However, understanding the importance of your tasks also gives importance to your work. If the ABC method works for you, you will be leaving work knowing you’ve done something important. This is a great confidence-booster and can propel you into understanding the importance of your own productivity.

To Conclude

The ABC method of time management can seem very basic at a glance. It doesn’t differ too much from a regular well-organized to-do list.

However, this specific method teaches you about urgency and importance, as well as their fleeting nature.

We live in an extremely dynamic world. This reflects on many people’s workloads as well. Priorities change, and we are often left with a large number of tasks.in many cases, there are two or three large (A tier) tasks and multiple smaller ones.

Our first instinct is often to work on the oldest tasks first. However, doing so doesn’t necessarily reflect the realistic needs of the job.

Deadlines and task importance (as well as scope) can impact the priority of the task greatly. So can the instructions from managers or higher-ups.

Hence, it is important to consider all the factors. This can only be done if you look at your entire workload and obtain a good understanding of the bigger picture.

This is why it’s important for the entire team to be able to communicate their priorities clearly and with a high level of synchronization.

The ABC method allows everyone, whether on personal, team, or entire company level, to understand both the progress of the current projects and prioritize upcoming tasks accurately.


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